Piles (Haemorrhoids) – Symptoms, Causes, Prevention & Treatments

 Piles (Haemorrhoids) – Symptoms, Causes, Prevention & Treatments

Piles (Haemorrhoids) – Symptoms, Causes, Prevention & Treatments

Piles also known as haemorrhoids are enlarged veins at the lower part of the rectum or inside the anus. 

The enlarged veins maybe internal or external around the anal area and range in sizes.

  1. Internal haemorrhoids is the most common type of piles and are between 2-4 centimetres inside the rectum.
  2. External haemorrhoids. Is not as common as the internal one is located under the skin around the anus.


The most common sign of haemorrhoids is

  • Rectal bleeding – bright blood after bowel movement. Other symptoms include: 


  • Straining during bowel movement
  • Lifting heavy object
  • Pregnancy 
  • Low fibre diet
  • Obesity
  • Constipation
  • Sitting too long


To reduce your likelihood of developing it, you should live a healthy lifestyle. The following are things you could do to reduce your chances

  1. Exercise –  doing 30-40 minutes of exercise daily could reduce your chances of developing it.
  2. Diet – maintaining a high fibre foods 
  3. Not Straining during bowel movement.


Treatments depends on the severity of your haemorrhoids and how bad the symptoms are. 

Most of the symptoms usually go away on their own, but some will require treatment.

  • Rectal cream – to relieve the itching and pain
  • Diet – Eating more fibre and fruit 
  • Hydration – drinking more water
  • Sitz bath – Sitting in warm water for 20 minutes, 3-4 times a day can reduce the symptoms.
  • Ice packs – The icing technique helps in relieving the pain and swelling.
  • Surgery – If your haemorrhoid is severe, and the treatments above hasn’t helped, you may require surgery to remove them


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