Diabetes – Types, Causes, and Symptoms
Diabetes is a group of long lasting medical conditions that involve problems with the hormone (Insulin) that regulate blood sugar (glucose) level in the body.
Cells in the pancreas produce and secrete insulin into the bloodstream based on the glucose level in the body.
When the glucose level in the body is too high or too low, the cells produce and secrete insulin to regulate it to balance the glucose level in the blood.
If the cells in the pancreas are damaged, or if your body does not respond well to insulin, you may start having serious health problem such as kidney disease and heart disease.
Types of Diabetes
There are three main types of diabetes;
- Type 1
- Type 2
- Gestational diabetes
- Type 1: This is a version of diabetes that occurs when the immune system attacks and destroys cells that produce insulin in your pancreas. When this happens, sugar builds up in the blood stream.
What causes type 1 diabetes
The exact cause of type 1 is not known, but researchers believes that it tends to run in the family.
- Type 2: Occurs when the body becomes resistant to its insulin, resulting in the cells in your pancreas producing little insulin to overcome the resistant.
Causes of type 2
The likelihood of developing type 2 increases if you have family history of it.
Other risk factors in developing it are;
- Environmental factors; for example being overweight, having little exercise, stress.
- Health history; like Depression, heart disease, prediabetes.
- Gestational diabetes: This version occurs during pregnancy. It normally goes away after birth.
- Blurred vision
- Slow healing wounds
- Frequent urination
- Increased thirst
- Presence of ketones in the urine